Né en 1965

Torrick Ablack, alias Toxic, seems to be the last man standing from the “old school.” Along with his friends, J.M Basquiat and Rammellzee, he was a founder member of the “Hollywood Africans” crew, their name referring to the stigmatisation of African-Americans in the movie industry. This magical trio worked together on multiple pieces and each developed innovations that would influence the work of the others.

He was just 17 years old when his work was exhibited for the first time at New York’s legendary Fashion Moda gallery in 1984. Subsequently, his works appeared in the collections of major museums including the Brooklyn Museum, the Groninger Museum and the Museum of the City of New York. His work has constantly evolved and now tends towards a more abstract approach while maintaining a link with his past as he continues to draw on an established visual identity.

Exhibitions :

2016 Glamorous Graffiti: Basquiat, Crash, Haring & more” – Nassau County Museum, NY, USA

2015 “Graffiti. New York meets the Dam” – Amsterdam Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands

2015 “Le Pressionnisme: 1970-1990. Les chefs-d’oeuvre du graffiti sur toile de Basquiat à Bando” – Pinacothèque de Paris, Paris, France

2014 “City as a canvas: Graffiti Art from the Martin Wong Collection” – Museum of the City of New York, NYC, USA

2013 Accrochage à Matignon en compagnie de Jean Marc Ayrault –  Paris, France

2011 “Graffiti New York 80’s” – Galerie Jerome De Noirmont, Paris, France

2009 “Born in the streets” –  Fondation Cartier, Paris, France

2009 “Graffiti art” – Galerie Bailly Contemporain, Paris, France

2009 “Le Tag au Grand Palais” – Curated by Alain-Dominique Gallizia. Sponsorship of Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, Paris France

2009 “New Acquisitions : Rarely seen works” – Ludwig Museum – Museum of Contemporary Art – Budapest, Hungary

2006 “Graffiti Basics“- Brooklyn Museum, NY, USA

1992 “Coming from the Subways, NY Graffiti Art”, Groeningen Museum, Holland

1991 “Graffiti Art : Artistes Américains et Français 1981-1991”, Musée National des Monuments Français, Paris, France

1990 “Post Graffiti, Toxic & Crash”, Fondation Veranneman, Kruishoutern, Belgium

1989 “Graffiti New York – Paris”, Neue Galerie Sammlung Ludwig Aachen, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Verviers, Belgium

1987 “The South Bronx Art Show”, Fashion Moda, NYC, USA

1987 “Pop Art America Europa”, Ludwig Museum, Aachen, Germany

1985 Frederick R. Wiesman Foundation of Art, Tel Aviv Museum, Israel

1985 “Fashion Moda presents”, Ronald Feldman Gallery, NYC, USA

1984 “5th The South Bronx Show” – Fashion Moda, NYC, USA

1984 “Grafffiti Artists from the Early 70’s” – Fashion Moda, NYC, USA

1983 “Camouflaged Panzerism Part 1” – Fashion Moda, NYC, USA

1983 “Post Graffiti” – Sidney Janis Gallery, NYC, USA

1983 “Food for the Soup Kitchen” (Show poster by Jean Michael Basquiat) – Fashion Moda, NYC, USA

1983 “Graffiti thanks a lot” – Fun Gallery, NYC, USA

1982 “Camouflaged Panzerism Part 1” – Fashion Moda, NYC, USA

1982 “An evening with Gothic Futurism / Ikonoklast Panzerism” – Squat Theatre, NYC, USA

1982 “Documenta 7” – Kassel , Germany

1982 “2nd The South Bronx Show” – Fashion Moda, NYC, USA